Did you know that… ?
- …lichens are organisms composed of algae and fungus, living in a symbiotic relationship?
- …lichens are organisms that can occupy even very marginal conditions, such as high latitudes and altitudes?
- …lichens are sensitive to industrial pollution, but some, like Lecanora thrive in such conditions?
- …since lichens grow quite slowly and live a long time, they are used to determine ages of exposed rock faces?
Size: 5 cm average
Relationship with humans: neutral
Lichens are examples of mutually advantageous cooperation between algae (Chlorophyta or Cyanophyta) and fungi (Ascomycota). The algae produce sugar via photosynthesis, the fungi absorbs water vapor and guards against solar radiation. Lichens grow very slowly, around several millimeters per year. The species Lecanora muralis is quite variable and probably represents several closely related species. It grows in markedly green rosettes, closely adhering to the substrate.